inachus and io

  Female In some versions of the Io myth Inachus does nothing, as he has been warned by an oracle about the deadly consequences of searching for Io. Io, daughter of Inachus, is promised in marriage to Hierax, but is pursued by Jupiter, and yields to this love in spite of her feelings of guilt. Io ran in every which direction to dodge her tormentor — over the hills and far away, up and down, in and over. His wife, Juno, senses that something is wrong and comes to Earth, but Jupiter disguises Io as a cow. This part of the legend connects Io with the Syrian goddess Astarte. Peacock, Butterflies of the World, 2000+ species illustrated. [13][14][15][16][17] Io was born from Inachus' mouth technically making her Inachus and Melia's daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. He is neutral in alignment, but he also contains within him all other alignments. 143, 145; Tzetz. Inachus was, in Greek mythology, after whom the Inachus River is named after. Inachus is the most ancient god or hero of Ar… [11] The mother of these children was variously described in the sources, either an Oceanid named Melia, called the mother of Phoroneus and Aegialeus,[3] or another Oceanid named Argia, called the mother of Phoroneus and Io. de Fluv. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Io was called by the ancients “the daughter of Inachus”: indeed, many ancient authors did not mention the intermediate generations. Io received in Egypt by Isis and the river-god Nile, Greco-Roman fresco from Pompeii C1st B.C., Naples National Archaeological Museum IO was an Argive princess and Naiad-nymph who was loved by the god Zeus.When Hera suddenly interrupted their tryst, Zeus transformed the maiden into a white heifer. Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares? After rendering the province of Argolis inhabitable again, he then founded the city of Argos. This attracts a response from the higher planes (Zeus). Io, in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus (the river god of Argos) and the Oceanid Melia. Io, daughter of Inachus, the first king of Argos, is seduced by Jupiter (Zeus in Greek), who hides behind the dunes to avoid hurting the jealous Juno (Hera in Greek). Hera then sent a gadfly to torment Io, who therefore wandered all over the earth, crossed the Ionian Sea, swam the strait that was thereafter known as the Bosporus (meaning Ox-Ford), and at last reached Egypt, where she was restored to her original form and gave birth to Epaphus. Met. When they judged that the land belonged to Hera, Poseidon took away their water out of anger. These dominated also Crete, Laconia, and perhaps Arcadia. According to some stories, Zeus then turned Io into a heifer (a cow) in order to hide her from his wife; others maintain that Hera herself transformed Io. Io was born from Inachus' mouth technically making her Inachus and Melia's daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. 920, 1239; Ov. Meanwhile, Jupiter is attracted to Io, the daughter of a river god, Inachus, and hides her in a forest to have her all to himself. Or. His name was also given to the river Inachus nearby. [21], The historian Pausanias describes him as the eldest king of Argos who named the river after himself and sacrificed to Hera. But he was too much afraid of Inachus to return to Argos and went instead to Caunus, where he married Hilebia, daughter of King Aegialus. He is the husband of the nymph Melia. Io was the princess of Argos, who Zeus fell in love with. The personified deity of the river of that name in Greece. Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym , his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae , the spring nymph Amymone , Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice. 1. The robot is remotely controlled by a rugged tablet PC and an operator can drive the robot under the rubble by entering through small holes (20cm x 20cm of cross-section). [27] They who make Inachus to have come into Greece from beyond the sea regard his name as a Greek form for the Oriental term Enak, denoting “great” or “powerful,” and this last as the base of the Greek ἄναξ, “a king.”. In Greek mythology, Io was a priestess of Hera (Zeus' wife) and the daughter of Inachus… From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. ", At this, Inachus understood Io's condition, and, lamenting, wished for death, but acknowledged his godly status made this an impossibility. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? ad Virg. Io was a priestess of the Goddess Hera in Argos, whose cult her father Inachus was supposed to have introduced to Argos. (Apollod. About Inachus, king of Argos In Greek mythology, Inachus (Ancient Greek: Ἴναχος) was a king of Argos after whom a river was called Inachus River,[1] the modern Panitsa that drains the … By a Melian nymph, a daughter of Oceanus, or, according to others, by his sister Argea, he became the father of Phoroneusand Aegialeus, to whom others add Io, ArgusPanoptes, and Phegeusor Pegeus.1 Inachus is the most ancient god or hero of Argos. IO Beautiful daughter of INACHUS and yet another object of ZEUS’s affections. Inachus, father of Phoroneus (see above), was son of Oceanus and Tethys and is sometimes said to be the founder of … Melia was also perhaps considered to be the mother, by Inachus, of Io, the ancestress, by Zeus, of the Greek dynasties of Argos, Thebes, and Crete. He is the son of Oceanus and Tethys, and the father of Io. Inachus married a nymph named Melia, and became the father of two sons, Phoroneus (Φορωνεύς) and Aegialeus (Αἰγιάλεος), and of possibly two daughters, Io and Mycene. (Plut. Io was born from Inachus' mouth technically making her Inachus and Melia's daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. Our story begins with the lovely Io—the daughter of Inachus (the river God) and Priestess of the Goddess Juno. She came down from Mount Olympus and began dispersing the clouds. Io, in Greek mythology, daughter of Inachus (the river god of Argos) and the Oceanid Melia. Io, the daughter of Argos, symbolizes “the consciousness that is embodied” because of the “gathering of being” in the incarnation. Io is one of the Three Main Ancestors Ancestors and founders of important cities like Mycenae, Thebes, and Argoswere descendants of Io (or the river god Inachus). [citation needed] Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym, his other children include Mycene,[18][19] the eponym of Mycenae, the spring nymph Amymone, Messeis, Hyperia,[20] Themisto (mother of Arcas by Zeus) and possibly Teledice. Io was born from Inachus’ mouth technically making her Inachus and Melia’s daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. [30], In Prometheus Bound, Io was disturbed by visions during her sleep night after night, where Zeus lusted for her maidenhood but she initially rejected the god's advances. Inachus and Io Inachus’ daughter Io was desired by Zeus, but as the god was having his way with the Naiad nymph, the pair were discovered by Zeus’ wife Hera. However the goddess was not so easily fooled and requested the animal as a gift. And Cyrnus, after having wandered over many parts of the inhabited world without being able to find her, put ashore in Caria on the Cherronesus where he founded a city which bore his name Cyrnus. In the version of the myth told in Prometheus Bound she initially rejected Zeus' advances, until her father threw her out of his house on the advice of oracles. Other accounts say Hera transformed her as a punishment for submitting to Zeus. Io was the daughter of the Greek river god Inachus. Compare the Inachos or Brimos of the Eleusinian Mysteries. But the messengers returned with report of oracles, riddling, obscure, and darkly worded. §§ 1, 3; Hygin. Zeus sent Hermes to lull Argus to sleep and steal the cow. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He also had a daughter Io; Pekos who is also Zeus abducted her and fathered a daughter, Libya, by her. His daughter Io was seduced by Zeus.. Inachus moaned to Hera and supported her in a territory dispute, so Poseidon, the brother of Zeus, promptly dried up his waters.. Io and son would return to Egypt, where Io married the king of Egypt, Telegonus. The king yielding in obedience to such prophetic utterances of Loxias (Apollo), Inachus drove his daughter away and barred her from his house, against his' and Io's will. nl Het Gerecht heeft blijk gegeven van een onjuiste rechtsopvatting waar het in het bestreden arrest heeft geoordeeld dat het REA bevoegd was om de geschiktheid van Holistic Innovation Institute te beoordelen en het de grenzen van de aan het REA op het gebied van het zevende kaderprogramma toevertrouwde taken niet had overschreden doordat het Zeus fell in love with her and, to protect her from the wrath of Hera, changed her into a white heifer. The INACHUS robot is a snake-like robot prototype designed and manufactured to help USaR teams finding and communicating with victims under a collapsed building. [36], According to Plutarch, the river Inachus had before borne the name of Carmanor or Haliacmon. Inachus translation in English-Dutch dictionary. Fab. Zeus noticed Io and lusted after her. For modern scholars, Inachus is the most ancient god or hero of Argos. [32] It was explained that Inachus hid in his cave, deepening his waters with his tears, bewailing also for his daughter Io who was lost. 18.) Zeus thereupon sent the god Hermes, who lulled Argus to sleep and killed him. iii. Other times, the ancients regarded Inachus as an immigrant who had come across the sea as the leader of an Egyptian or Libyan colony, and had united the Pelasgians, whom he found scattered on the banks of the Inachus. She was a beautiful, young girl and a priestess of goddess Hera. Omissions? Under the name of Callithyia, Io was regarded as the first priestess of Hera, the wife of Zeus. [citation needed] Argus Panoptes was also called the son of Inachus as what Asclepiades also asserted. One of these daughters, Amymone, in her search lay with Poseidon who revealed to her the springs at Lerna. [2], The ancients themselves made several attempts to explain the stories about Inachus: sometimes they looked upon him as a native of Argos, who after the deluge of Deucalion led the Argives from the mountains into the plains, and confined the waters within their proper channels. 1 But the annalist Castor and many of the tragedians allege that Io was a daughter of Inachus; 2 and Hesiod and Acusilaus say that she was a daughter of Piren. Io was born from Inachus' mouth kind of making her Inachus and Melia's daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. Inachus was also said to be first priest at Argos, the country was frequently called the land of Inachus. THE FAMILY OF INACHUS Inachus, Io, and Epaphus. Which so offended Zeus, that he sent Tisiphone, one of the Furies, who haunted and plagued him to that degree, that he flung himself into the river Haliacmon, bearing his own name afterwards. i. A truly magnificent and mortal beauty! When Io gained the courage to tell Inachus about these haunting dreams, his father sent many messengers to consult the oracle of Pytho and Dodona so that he might discover what deed or word of his would find favor with the gods. Inachus and his naiad daughters did not recognize Io, whom Zeus had transformed into a cow so that she could avoid detection by his jealous wife, Hera. Inachus is the most ancient god or hero of Argos. Choose Size: Choose Background: Clear: Add to cart. Io was about to suffer many misfortunes until she was finally turned into a woman again and have a normal life. Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym, his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae, the spring nymph Amymone, Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice. His symbol is a multi-colored metallic disk. When the ancient Inachus gathered sweet herbs and offered them to her, she licked his hands, kissing her father's palms, nor could she more restrain her falling tears. In many campaign settings for the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game, Io is the chief deity worshipped by dragons, god of dragonkind, balance, and peace. Inachis io LINNAEUS, 1758 Family - NYMPHALIDAE subfamily - NYMPHALINAE Tribe - NYMPHALINI Peacock Inachis io, Lardon Chase, Berkshire © Adrian Hoskins Introduction The Peacock is considered by many to be the most beautiful butterfly in the world. [7], Inachos, a king of Argos, founded a city which he named for the moon, Io, for that is what Argives call the moon. Inachus contemporary was Leucippus, the eight king of Sicyon. Mythology Edit. The Inachus River flow the valley of Argolis to the Gulf of Argolis. Inachus was the first king of the city of Argos in Greek mythology. Io was called by the ancients “the daughter of Inachus”: indeed, many ancient authors did not mention the intermediate generations. Loose Ends to the Io Story. [3] Argus and Ismene, daughter of Asopus, had a son Iasus, who is said to have been the father of Io. Unleash your artistic talent and solve sketch-based puzzles together with other players in the new drawing and guessing game Drawar.io!   Deity, Ovid, Metamorphoses, tr. She was abducted by Zeus and disguised from Hera in the form of a cow. [37], Sophocles wrote an Inachos, probably a satyr play, which survives only in some papyrus fragments found at Oxyrhyncus and Tebtunis, Egypt;[38] in it Inachos is reduced from magnificence to misery through the unrequited love of Zeus[39] for his daughter Io. For other uses, see Inachus (disambiguation). And they performed a ritual in her memory, banging on each other's doors every year and saying 'io, io!'. Inachus divided the territories between his sons, Phegeus and Phoroneus who succeeded him as the second king of Argos. [5] According to Robert Graves, he was a descendant of Iapetus while most modern mythologists understand Inachus as one of the river gods, all sons of Titans Oceanus and Tethys[3][6][7][8] and thus to the Greeks, part of the pre-Olympian or "Pelasgian" mythic landscape. Inachus and his river god brothers Cephissus and Asterion were mediators in a land dispute between Poseidon and Hera. [40] An additional papyrus fragment of Sophocles' Inachos was published in 1960. Inachus io The Peacock butterfly. In Greek iconography, Walter Burkert notes,[9] the rivers are represented in the form of a bull with a human head or face. In Greek mythology, Inachus (Ancient Greek: Ἴναχος) was the first king of Argos after whom a river was called Inachus River, the modern Panitsa that drains the western margin of the Argive plain. 177; Schol. One of these was Lyrcus, the son of Phoroneus, who covered a vast deal of land and sea without finding the girl, and finally renounced the toilsome quest. [28][29] Otherwise, Poseidon was also said to flooded the greater part of the country as his revenge but Hera induced Poseidon to send the sea back. Juno knows the truth, but admires the cow and begs to keep her as a gift. In Danaan founding myth, because of the springs of Argolid being dried up, King Danaus sent his daughters to draw water to counter this drought. And one day, while sitting by the river’s edge, her beauty caught the eye of the Roman God, Jupiter. [34], In the account of Diodorus Siculus, after Io's disappearance, Inachus sent forth Cyrnus, one of his men in high command, fitting him out with a considerable fleet, and ordered him to hunt for Io in every region and not to return unless he had got possession of her. She even passed Prometheus chained to his rock on Mount Caucasus, who managed to shout as much encouragement as he could in the circumstances. Draw the words suggested by the app or guess what someone else is drawing, type in the answer and see if it’s correct. Io subsequently recovered her original form and came to be worshipped as a goddess. [35], In a rare variant of the myth according to Parthenius, Inachus sent several men to search and attempt to find her daughter Io who had been captured by brigands (not Zeus this time). In Virgil's Aeneid, Inachus is represented on Turnus's shield. Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym , his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae , the spring nymph Amymone , Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice. For this reason neither Inachus nor either of the other rivers provided any water except during rainy seasons. He is seen by his people as the creator of all things. Io was identified with the Egyptian goddess Isis, and Epaphus with Apis, the sacred bull. Hermes wears the cap of darkness, rendering him invisible, but plays the aulos, to the mystification of the satyrs; Argos and Iris, as a messenger of Hera both appear, a "stranger" turns Io into a heifer at the touch of a hand, and at the end, apparently, the satyrs are freed from their bondage, to become shepherds of Inachos. The Naiads didn’t recognize her; even Inachus himself didn’t recognize her. Io was the daughter of Inachus, one of the River Gods and king of Argos. However, Hera saw through the ruse and kept her under watch by Argus. And Io, lamenting her ruin, fled to the Silpion Mountain and there died. I′NACHUS (Inachos), a river god and king of Argos, is described as a son of Oceanus and Tethys. Afterward he transformed her into a heifer to protect her from the everjealous Hera. David Raeburn, Penguin Classics, 2004, p. 34, Ovid, Metamorphoses, tr. However, Hera saw through the ruse and kept her under watch by Argus.Zeus sent Hermes to lull Argus to sleep and steal the cow.. 6, 25; Serv. Io was born from Inachus' mouth kind of making her Inachus and Melia's daughter because she was born while Inachus was married to Melia. 1807[26]). The HERACLIDES were descendants of Io. Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym, his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae, the spring nymph Amymone, Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice. When they decided that Hera was right, Poseidon was enraged and removed all the water from the river. [8][23] Jerome and Eusebius (both citing Castor of Rhodes), and as even late as 1812, John Lemprière[24] euhemeristically asserted that he was the first king of Argos reigning for 50 years[25] (B.C. Aside from the Inachians of whom he was simply the back-formed eponym , his other children include Mycene, the spirit of Mycenae , the spring nymph Amymone , Messeis, Hyperia, and possibly Teledice. 583, &c., 640, &c., Amor. However, as soon as Hera saw that, she immediately became suspicious. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It might be pondered what Inachus was doing about his missing daughter. Inachus was the first inhabitant of Argolis. Our story begins with the lovely Io—the daughter of Inachus (the river God) and Priestess of the Goddess Juno. This attracts a response from the higher planes (Zeus). We deliver within 14 days, with a 14 days return policy. He gave his name also to the river Inachus. ... For Io, for Lycaon, for Callisto, and for others throughout the poem who transform into animals, Ovid focuses persistently on the feeling of expecting one’s body to be one way and noticing suddenly that it is not that way. In Greek iconography, Walter Burkert notes, the rivers are represented in the form of a bull with a human head or face. To try to keep Hera from noticing, he covered the world with a thick blanket of clouds. INACHUS Concept . ii. Io was a priestess of Hera in Argos, whose cult her father Inachus was supposed to have introduced to Argos. Both the Egyptian and the Syrian parts, in fact, reflect interchange with the East and the identification of foreign with Greek gods. Daughter Io ; Pekos who is the most ancient god or hero of Argos both the Egyptian and the of! Took away their water out of anger with victims under a collapsed.. 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