For instance, smaller donations to a charity with a high success rate are better than large donations to many charities. To explain, under Rule Utilitarianism, a rule must produce a benefit for the organization. A number of schools of thought have developed that include the following approaches (in no specific order): In addition, many entrepreneurs believe it is okay to act unethically in order to achieve a goal. Is there any way to change the organization (for example, suggest policy change at next departmental meeting)? Is there any ambiguity, confusion, or conflict about who the … The key to this step is to not limit yourself to … People do not lie because their religion teaches lying is wrong, for example. The following are the seven key steps of the decision making process. Another reason leaders resist Virtue Ethics is that they fear conflicts or discussions over philosophical issues that will distract the organization from its core functions. Identify the Potential Issues Involved A. Great Work Life Powered By 3wise Media - 3wise.com. In addition, most businesses have lists of behaviors forbidden to employees, even in the pursuit of customer service. The company follows a set of rules because the rules are considered “good for business.” For instance, a restaurant follows the health codes to avoid legal problems and to keep diners healthy and coming back for more meals. In addition, a rule against lying encourages customer trust and repeat business. The On the Cutting Edge website and workshop program are supported by the National Association of Geoscience Teachers (NAGT). Figure out who, if anyone, is the client. A tobacco company that sells cigarettes to children but donates the proceeds to charity is both good and bad. All three theories of ethics stress the importance of actions and behaviors and their effects. Law-enforcement officers have a duty to protect the public and enforce the law, for instance. Identify the problem. For instance, a business practice that creates lots of jobs is good even if many people judge it unethical. For example, a tobacco company is considered evil even if it pays its workers a high wage and makes large charitable donations. The core concepts are virtue and practical wisdom. 1. Apply different values, rules, principles, regulations to the different options. 2. We fly the flag because most people think patriotism is good. To explain, Peters and Waterman emphasize the abstract ideal of “excellence” over quantifiable business success. Management lets product quality; or basic business functions deteriorate while it pursues “excellence,” for example. Thus, a person must do good, because doing good makes a person better. Thus, killing is always wrong, even if it is killing an enemy soldier or a terrorist could protect innocent life. Other forms of Rule Utilitarianism include hard prohibitions against specific activities that are viewed as evil or destructive. Join today and your membership will help ensure that this site can continue to serve geoscience educators. Be mindful of a potential unethical decision. Unfortunately, many business people make the wrong decisions because they refuse to think about ethics until they need to. Strict adherence to Deontological Ethics can improve performance in environments that require strict discipline or adherence to procedure. A description and discussion of the steps follow. This complexity is why many leaders make the mistake of avoiding ethics until it is too late. In addition, truth is an absolute value everybody must adhere to. For instance, most retailers teach employees that their first duty is to “serve” the customer. Additionally, relationships with government, regulators, competing interests, and the legal system often require Pragmatic Ethical decision making. For example, a company that makes a lot of money and donates it all to charity is good. Under Act Utilitarianism, no action is good or bad. This can help move the conversation toward using a model to decide when someone is in violation of ethics.There are five sources of ethical standards: 1. In particular, people who want their lives or activities to be about more than making money are attracted to virtue. The Greater Good, Outcomes, Virtue, Duty & Pragmatism Are All Part of the Ethical Structure of Decision Making. Moreover, it can avoid religious or political controversy. Step 7: Be mindful of short and long term consequence when making a decisions. Gather as much information as you can that will illuminate the situation. Learn about some common rationalizations that can cloud our judgment when we are involved in making tough ethical decisions. There are no moral absolutes. 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The Principles of Beneficence in Applied Ethics, A Seven Step Process for Making Ethical Decisions, Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara University, A Review of the Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 1996-2003, Ethical Decision Making: A Review of the Empirical Literature, A Practitioner's Guide to Ethical Decision Making, Assessment--Measuring Students' Moral Development, Ethical Reasoning in Action: Validity Evidence for the Ethical Reasoning Identification Test (ERIT), Geoethics in the Context of Sustainability, Environmental Justice in the Context of Sustainability, All Ethics and Environmental Justice related materials from across Teach the Earth, Schedule of Upcoming Workshops and Webinars, https://serc.carleton.edu/serc/about/whats_new.html. Books like Tom Peters and Robert H. Waterman Jr.’s In Search of Excellence promote a kind of Virtue Ethics for business. The model begins, at Step 1, by establishing the facts of the case. ethical. They fear management’s focus on abstract goals will interfere with business processes. Step 6: A decision that may seem less attractive can be the best option. The cookies store information anonymously and assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors. Step Two: What Are The Ethical Issues? There is nothing simple about ethics and no such thing as a simple ethical decision. Pragmatic Ethics can be effective in situations where people with different values or standards come into contact or conflict. Thinking Ethically: A Framework for Moral Decision Making was published by on 2015-03-11. Historically Virtue Ethics practitioners, like Socrates, we’re searching for moral wisdom or enlightenment. We encourage counselors to consider the worldview of their clients and others who may be affected in each step of the decision-making model (Luke, Goodrich, & Gilbride, 2013). However, many Rule Utilitarians regard impractical, unrealistic, or unenforceable rules as unbinding. For example, many companies operate under the guideline that they must never violate the law. Identify available alternative solutions to the problem. Check Pages 1 - 7 of Thinking Ethically: A Framework for Moral Decision Making in the flip PDF version.