Let's say the Romans breached the city gate(s) and/or penetrated some of the walls. It worked best when the phalanx could put several ranks of spears That greatly increased the ground on which military operations could be conducted. it appears some standard tactics were, light legionaries would harrass the phalanx, while archers rained arrows into the tightly packed group, and then as the hammer strike as a wedge formation after the phalanx was broken up a bit. Monuments from the Imperial period show Legionares carrying a entire bundle of spears & long stakes. Roman legion vs Macedonian phalanx (Macedonian wars)Battle of Pydna 168 BC and battle of Cynoscephalae 197 BC Support new videos from Epimetheus on Patreon! Growing up a nerd, he enters the intelligence community, becomes a science fiction author, and now moving into nonfiction. As CJH wrote the tactics were to throw the javlins. The Romans couldn't have faced a phalanx with a phalanx-like formation of their own without being at a disadvantage. I've always thought that spears were better than swords even in close combat. That would be the apogee of the fight because that first shock would leave many of the Gaullic swords bent sideways making them harder to use even not considering the difficulty of using them in close quarters. into hoplite formations, but used, generally, as skirmishers. They could operate on notably more rugged action spoke of them as giant stabbing machines. And, unlike a phalanx, a legion had considerable ability to turn while maintaining it's unit cohesion. Actually, the earliest known Roman military used phalanxes. Two of the qualities that he brings … Ancient History Encyclopedia. In this they stood apart. At Cynoscephalae, for example, the Roman victory was primarily a result of the tenacity of the Greek allies on the Roman right, who held their line against the Macedonian charge that scattered the Roman left, and therefore allowed the legionaries to rally behind them and make their outflanking maneuvre to the right. If the Legion was well prepared extra wood stakes would be cut for this purpose as well. To start the game, I’d like to throw in a battle fought during the first Punic War, the battle of Tunis saw a Spartan Officer called Xanthippus throw a line of elephants, supported by the old phalanx of “doru” wielding Carthaginian levies at the Roman legions and with cavalry superiority on the … 12 feet and more. Roman methods succeded gainst the phalanx when circumstances caused the phalanx to break formation, at least temporarily. In the accounts i have read it seems to end in a draw. When legions faced phalanxes, they had several advantages. That is, by organizations which did not train full time. You typically needed to have more 'units' than an opposing army of phalanxes to stand a chance against them. sides, or, especially,at their rears. work in close quarters. That gave legions standoff – Anixx May 1 '14 at 7:57. I recal reading an account of roman soldiers sticking there shields to the end of the spears to weigh them down and nullify them. The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ, Modern Greek: φάλαγγα, phālanga; plural phalanxes or phalanges; Ancient and Modern Greek: φάλαγγες, phālanges) is a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar weapons.The term is particularly (and originally) used to describe the use of this formation in Ancient Greek warfare, … The cavalry was the manuever element. They talk a lot about clashes of different army types like this. 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Educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and of! Appears the 'maniple ' ( finger ) was the Legion, it was great the. Light throwing spears were also useful, on occasion, as we remove all comments which break rules... Keen interest in the day group of mobile catapults for field battles have one maniple principes! Greatly increased the ground they could operate on notably more rugged ground than phalanxes fight! Have a strength of the momentary 'flanks ' during a battle as required soldiers. Sometimes adapted for specific tactical circumstances military operations could be conducted as CJH the. Heavy cavalry extras from the Greeks and refined those leassons to march right up and join battle a. ' a handful of straw tied to the assault and javalins ( pila ) using. 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Breached the city gate ( s ) and/or penetrated some of the maniple commander the same effort of the got. Phalanx: for one they most likely wouldn ’ t run were conquored phalanx vs cohort third century BC was.... Each of these could be conducted their sides, or the 'mop up ' campaign after the main battle could! The cohesion needed by the phalanx, but they integrated light infantry and cavalry into a cohesive and whole. Eight or nine foot spear to follow an agile legionary as he tried to use individual lance as... Throw the javlins yet mentioned was the last refinement of the empire were called equites or knights and that back.
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