It also served as a base of operations These burned fast in a breeze, and it could take two or more bushels of chips to get one meal prepared. Independence | Courthouse The fort was begun by fur traders as Fort William in 1834 where the To avoid crossing the Salt River (which drains into the Snake River) which runs down Star Valley the Lander Road crossed the river when it was small and stayed west of the Salt River. The basic route follows river valleys as grass and water were absolutely necessary. Later settlers to much of what became the state of Colorado followed the Platte and South Platte rivers into their settlements there. It was rough and steep with poor grass but still cheaper and safer than floating goods, wagons and family down the dangerous Columbia River. The usually lush Boise River valley was a welcome relief. See also. Fort Laramie. St. Joseph had good steamboat connections to St. Louis, Missouri, and other ports on the combined Ohio, Missouri and Mississippi River systems. Several towns in Nebraska were used as "jumping off places" with Omaha eventually becoming a favorite after about 1855. (See: Missouri River settlements (1846–1854)) The Mormons established about 50 temporary towns, including the town of Kanesville (renamed Council Bluffs, Iowa in 1852) on the east bank of the Missouri River opposite the mouth of the Platte. The Sweetwater would have to be crossed up to nine times before the trail crosses over the Continental Divide at South Pass, Wyoming. The Platte River and the North Platte River in the future states of Nebraska and Wyoming typically had many channels and islands and were too shallow, crooked, muddy and unpredictable for travel even by canoe. The population was 230 at the 2010 census. Like several forts along the Oregon Trail, it was purchased by the army in 1849 and converted into a military outpost. Photo courtesy of Fort Laramie State Historic Site, Wyoming Division Another branch headed almost due west past Gray’s Lake to rejoin the main trail about 10 miles (16 km) west of Fort Hall. Those traveling south of the Platte crossed the South Platte River with its muddy and treacherous crossings using one of about three ferries (in dry years it could sometimes be forded without a ferry) before continuing up the North Platte River valley to Fort Laramie in present-day Wyoming. Near Fort Laramie Wyoming and the North Platte river, this large groove in soft sandstone rock was carved by wagons traveling the Oregon Trail. #1 Fort Laramie, Wyoming Settlement Population: 230 Elevation: 1292 m Updated: 2020-04-09 Fort Laramie is a town in Goshen County, Wyoming, United States. Literally hundreds of travelers on the combined California, Oregon, and Mormon Trails succumbed to cholera in the 1849-1855 time period. It hugged the southern edge of the Snake River canyon and was a much rougher trail with poorer water and grass, requiring occasional steep descents and ascents with the animals down into the Snake River canyon to get water. Travellers left the Snake River and followed Raft River about 65 miles (105 km) southwest past present day Almo, Idaho.  The trail turned north following the Bear River past the terminus of the Sublette-Greenwood Cutoff at Smiths Fork and on to the Thomas Fork Valley at the present Wyoming-Idaho border. The cause of cholera, ingesting the Vibrio cholerae bacterium from contaminated water, and the best treatment for cholera infections were unknown in this era. Loss of wheels caused many wagons to be abandoned along the route. The wagon tracks are surprisingly narrow compared to modern cars. Interstate 84 in Oregon roughly follows the original Oregon Trail from Idaho to The Dalles. After 1846 the towns of Council Bluffs, Iowa, Omaha, Nebraska (est. Another busy "jumping off point" was St. Joseph, Missouri—established in 1843. The population was 230 at the 2010 census. Explore the best trails in Fort Loramie, Ohio on TrailLink. Others would chain a large string of wagons and teams together. Overland Journal, Volume 6, Number 1, 1988; Peter D. Olch; Pp. "Treading the Elephant's Tail: Medical Problems on the Overland Trails". The Sublette-Greenwood Cutoff was established in 1844 and cut about 70 miles (110 km) off the main route. After the Vermillion River the trail angles northwest to Nebraska paralleling the Little Blue River until reaching the south side of the Platte River. There are only a few places where the Snake River has not buried itself deep in a canyon. In Central Oregon there was the Santiam Wagon Road (established 1861), which roughly parallels Oregon Highway 20 to the Willamette Valley. Numerous landmarks are located along the trail in Wyoming including Independence Rock, Ayres Natural Bridge and Register Cliff. After crossing the South Platte the trail continues up the North Platte River, crossing many small swift flowing creeks. At dangerous or difficult river crossings, ferries or toll bridges were set up and bad places on the trail were either repaired or bypassed. After crossing the Green the main trail continues on in an approximate southwest direction until it encounters the Blacks Fork of the Green River and Fort Bridger, Wyoming. Het fort is genoemd naar Jacques La Ramée, een Frans-Canadese trapper die zich met een aantal gezellen in de buurt vestigde.  The trail then proceeded almost due west to meet the main trail at Fort Hall; alternately, a branch trail headed almost due south to meet the main trail near the present town of Soda Springs, Idaho.. While unusable for transport, the Platte River and North Platte River valleys provided an easily passable wagon corridor going almost due west with access to water, grass, buffalo, and buffalo chips for fuel. In the 1850 census there were about 8,000 mostly Mormons tabulated in the large Pottawattamie County, Iowa District 21. Mormon Trail Map - Path of the Mormon Pioneer Trail Mormon Trail Map Information The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. After crossing Mount Oread at Lawrence, the trail crossed the Kansas River by ferry or boats near Topeka, and crossed the Wakarusa and Vermillion rivers by ferries. transcontinental telegraph systems. Fort Laramie served many functions throughout its history. After following the Santa Fe trail to near present-day Topeka, Kansas, they ferried across the Kansas River to start the trek across Kansas and points west. From there it proceeded northwest into Idaho up Stump Creek canyon for about ten miles (16 km). It rejoined the trail near present-day Ontario, Oregon. Download Fort Laramie's official park brochure, 2013 edition. Three Island Crossing Goodale Cutoff Fort Boise In Oregon Flagstaff Hill Whitman Mission Columbia River It went about 95 miles (153 km) through Thousand Springs Valley, West Brush Creek, and Willow Creek, before arriving at the Humboldt River in northeastern Nevada near present-day Wells.  The trails gradually got rougher as it progressed up the North Platte. Rock | Chimney Rock | Fort Fort Laramie was situated at the junction of the North Platte and Laramie rivers, with lands well-suited for grazing and camping, making it a natural place to rest and re-supply for travellers. Hand-drawn map, 18.5 x 28 in., of the Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail and "draft" of Fort Pierre. | In 1803 President Thomas Jefferson purchased from France the Louisiana Purchase for fifteen million dollars (equivalent to about $230 million today) which included all the land drained by the Missouri River and roughly doubled the size of U.S. territory. Remnants of the trail in Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and the entire trail is a designated National Historic Trail (listed as the Oregon National Historic Trail). The Oregon Trail's nominal termination point was Oregon City, at the time the proposed capital of the Oregon Territory. 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