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Brand India to seek benefit out of India’s IT capacity. The goal is typically to acquire intellectual property or government secrets. Cyberwar, also spelled cyber war, also called cyberwarfare or cyber warfare, war conducted in and from computers and the networks connecting them, waged by states or their proxies against other states. Industrial controls that manage power grids and other infrastructure can be disrupted or destroyed. Outline the cyber threats which India is vulnerable to and bring out the state of the country’s preparedness to deal with the same. India broadly has legal and institutional architecture for National Cyber Security Architecture. The computer may have been used to commit the crime and in many cases, it is also the target. The Hindustan Times reported that authorities in India have linked several social media posts that targeted India and Prime Minister Modi … Cyber Security initiatives are taken up by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology in India. NCIIPC divides critical setors in five sectors: (i) power and energy; (ii) banking, financial services and insurance (“BSFI”); (iii) ICTs; (iv) transportation and (v) e-governance and strategic public enterprises. The five pillars is the base of the Department of Defense's strategy for cyber warfare. "mainEntityOfPage": { The Iranians established ‘The Cyber Defense Command’ and since 2010 have proven other nations their intent to have the ability to attack through cyber warfare. In this article, we have provided the elaborate UPSC General Studies Syllabus Paper wise and subject wise to help your IAS exam preparation.. UPSC General Studies Syllabus 2020 - GS Paper 1 Criminal hackers can certainly cause data breaches and even financial loss. The cyber economy, which includes multiple financial systems, has spawned cyber crime. Concerns about privacy and freedom of expression have to be taken care of. Cyber warfare is considered by some defense analysts to be a larger threat than even Al Qaeda or terrorism. NCSP and Cyber Warfare must be permanent and continuously performing with permanent set ups and flexible recruitment and training rules, and as stated, function under the overarching management of the proposed command. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins. Cybercrime may threaten a person or a nation’s security and financial health. The three main components of any national strategy to counter cyber threats are defence, deterrence and exploitation. State Governments should also be taken up operations for Cybersecurity. But this is not the case with cyber warfare. Crisp news summaries and articles on current events about Defence Cyber Agency for IBPS, Banking, UPSC, Civil services. "@type": "WebPage", A cyber or cybersecurity threat is a malicious act that seeks to damage data, steal data, or disrupt digital life in general. Cyber warfare by definition is the use of computer technology to disrupt activities of a state or organization. 2015 MAINS They are always threatened today for breach and cyber attacks by state and non-state actors. He notes the importance of the cyberspace commons to trade and communication. Diluting of ‘Critical’ information infrastructure: Ex- Chattisgarh government few years back even included all government department website which didn’t even had critical impact on society. "headline": "Cybersecurity and Cyber Crime", Audit and assurance to keep pace with the recent digital footprints. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it. Looming challenges. Download cybersecurity notes PDF for UPSC GS-III preparation. :It is an act of intentionally insulting, defaming or offending another individual or a party through a virtual medium. It included Data protection (Section 43) and Privacy (section 72), Information Security, Digital Signature, the role of CERT-In etc. Required fields are marked *. It has to be integrated with land, sea and air operations, as a part of information warfare. Information risk management has never been more important. Cyber warfare has reached a new phase this year—at least in terms of public awareness of the nature of the threat. Cybercrime is a crime that involves a computer and a network. Your email address will not be published. 3. } Secure and resilient cyberspace for citizens, government and businesses. Cyberspace refers to the virtual computer world, and more specifically, an electronic medium that is used to facilitate online communication. Russia: It was also used by Russia against Ukraine in the 2014 annexation of Crimea. Legal and policy regulation of cyber security in India: Amendment in 2008 was focussed on cyber security (2000 act was more to regulate e-commerce). Encryption is a process that encodes a message or file so that it can be only be read by certain people. I mastered the art of clearing UPSC CSE Prelims and in the process devised an unbeatable strategy to ace Prelims which many students struggle to do, Laqshya 2021 / Laqshya 2021 Advance (Prelims), Quiz 2020: Prelims Power Play 24 December 2020, Is as vast as the human imagination and has no fixed shape. It also seeks to bolster Decision support system particularly for defence, intelligence and security purposes. “Indian Cyber Coordination centre” a cyber-crime control hub. Storage of sensitive information on networks has given birth to cyber espionage against governments and cyber economic warfare against businesses. ; Illegal articles: Sales of illegal articles such as narcotics drugs, weapons, wildlife,etc..is being facilitated by the internet. Hybrid warfare, as the name suggests, is a combination of different forms of warfare such as irregular warfare, conventional warfare, cyber warfare, information warfare, . Also, cyber operations cannot be a standalone activity. Conformity compliance for global security standards and best practices. Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with 2013. _12 Yet, would any national security scholar or practitioner dispute that at Cyber Warfare are nation-state actor actions to penetrate an enemy/competitor nation’s computers or networks with the intent of causing damage or disruption. Cyberterrorism acts often aim to achieve political or ideological advantages by means of intimidation, fear and threat. "@type": "NewsArticle", The danger cannot be countered by an intelligence agency like the. cyber warfare is going to become a regular part of the arsenal of nations; National strategy to counter cyber threats. "publisher": { }, Significantly, India is consciously and speedily making a serious foray into digital space. Sometimes, the definition of cyberterrorism expands to cover the terrorist activities like intentional disruption of computer networks through using various tools like worms, viruses, phishing activities and various other malicious software and programming scripts. There is need of new tools; capacity building must be done in various departments and a mechanism in place to address these challenges. Also, cyber operations cannot be a standalone activity. : Unsolicited message sent in bulk by email. Cyber tools are slowly becoming a regular part of the arsenal of nations. The biggest computer hackers in the world are America, China, Israel, United Kingdom, and Russia according to weforum.org. cyber domain, like the physical domains of land, sea, and air, has proven to be no stranger to crime and conflict. Gambling:In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. "author": { Explainer: Russia’s potent cyber and information warfare capabilities The Kremlin has always denied Moscow’s involvement in cyber attacks against the West. It was felt even more so because of Edward Snowden-led leak which highlighted snooping by USA, which even included Indians. But India still suffers huge digital divide (rural vs urban, male vs female etc). It is important for a dedicated cyber agency to have significant autonomy. "@context": "https://schema.org", The north-eastern region of India has been infested with insurgency for a very long time. plans to setup Rs400 cr. FOR Example SHE Team of Telangana Government has been successful in protecting women from online harassment and cybercrimes. Any all-encompassing cyber security architecture in a state needs security of individuals, organisations and government. It employed a host of different tactics like guerilla warfare, innovative use of technology and effective information campaigning. The creation, capture, storage and processing of information is central to the domain. It envisions safe, secure, resilient, trusted and vibrant cyberspace for India’s prosperity. Standard development and creating awareness regarding same. It seeks to create a separate cadre of cyber security specialists from IT personnel because those who roll out IT infrastructure are generally unable to detect the flaws. The national nodal agency for all measures to protect the nation’s critical information infrastructure. National Cyber Security Policy should be amended according to the changing times and need. Cyberwar is a form of war which takes places on computers and the Internet, through electronic means rather than physical ones. is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to evidence found in computers and digital storage media. to Battle cybersecurity threats in the strategic area such as air control,nuclear and space. According to Defence White Paper 2009, Cyberspace is a virtual domain, different, to the physical domains of air, sea, land and space. Notably, cyber capabilities of an adversary is not all that apparent. Besides these, identifying the time of the start of the attack and tracking the origins of the attack are also complex tasks. "@type": "ImageObject", "@type": "Organization", The proposed project NETRA for internet surveillance should be taken up. This has to gather intelligence, evaluate targets and prepare cyber-attack plans. Read how I predicted most of GS Mains questions in CSE MAINS 2019. Covid19 has accelerated digitisation in all spheres. The Ministry of Home Affairs is implementing Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children scheme. … With an increasing global reliance on technology for everything from managing national electrical grids to ordering supplies for troops, cyberwar is a method of attack which many nations are vulnerable to. { : Various Programs of government such as Bharat Net, Aadhaar, MyGov, etc Are prompting a large number of citizens, companies Government agencies to transact online. }, Absence of sector specific guidelines and Standard Operting Procedures in case of cyber attack. Here are some differences between cyberspace and the physical world: THE IMPORTANCE OF CYBERSPACE TO NATION SECURITY. National Cyber Security Strategy (NCSS) 2020. Largely driven by the increasing exposure of identity information to the web via cloud services. Global Security Index released by the ITU,India slipped to 47. :In India are entitled to formulate laws for gambling activities. The Information Technology Act, 2000 enacted by the Government of India has designated communication networks as an integral part of the information infrastructure of our nation and has stated that any attempt of destruction or incapacitation of this computer resource will definitely have a debilitating impact on the national security, public safety and most importantly, the economy. 2017 - Security Questions in UPSC Mains 1. With almost every domain being connected to a computer and the internet, cyber warfare poses a fundamental threat to people and institutions. 17, Cyberspace is a venue for military activity. Hence, to be ready for these challenges while adopting new technology this strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure. : It makes Indian citizens highly susceptible to cyber fraud, cyber theft, etc.. Digital signatures are like electronic “fingerprints.” In the form of a coded message, the digital signature securely associates a signer with a document in a recorded transaction. Countering such large scale threats is important. :India was one of the most cyber-targeted countries in the world in 2019 with over 50,000 cyber- attacks from china alone. Cybersecurity means securing cyberspace from attack and economic espionage. India also accounted for over 5% of global threat detections. ; Email Spamming: Unsolicited message sent in bulk by email. : The process of manipulating documents or images for the intent of financial, social or political gain. More. It should put procedures in place to honestly report breaches. The introduction of Sections 70A and 70B in IT Act, 2000 had brought in some corrective measures in India's cyber security establishments. If you wish to optimize your mains preparation. It has to be integrated with land, sea and air operations, as a part of information warfare. Cyber warfare is Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information systems. Research, Innovation and technological development (Ex- A Fund for Fund for cybersecurity R&D). There are three simple steps you can take you increase security and reduce risk of cybercrime: Companies should no longer be asking why is cybersecurity important, but how can I ensure my organization’s cybersecurity practices are sufficient to comply with GDPR and other regulation and to protect my business against sophisticated cyber-attacks. The proliferation of mobile devices and the Internet of Things. In fact, the entire cyberspace is a dynamic environment of 0’s and 1’s which changes every second. Establishes a cybercrime investigation, requires the Department of Public Safety to investigate crimes with a nexus to the internet or computer technology including crimes involving child exploitation and cyber … Capacity and skill building through national level overarching frameworks under NSDC. India and its neighbourhood; Government policies – cyber-warfare; In News: Recent media reports claim that Pakistan has launched a cyber warfare against India by spreading fake propaganda on alleged Islamophobia in India. The most visible are cybercrimes, cyber theft, cyber espionage, cyber intrusions etc. Cyber-security researchers have identified a total of at least 57 different ways in which cyber-attacks can have a negative impact on individuals, … This includes a spectrum of activities across the political, strategic, and tactical levels—from the formation of alliances, to competition for superiority, to low-intensity conflict, espionage and surveillance to complete warfare. : Sales of illegal articles such as narcotics drugs, weapons, wildlife,etc..is being facilitated by the internet. I have the distinction of clearing all 6 UPSC CSE Prelims with huge margins. For UPSC … National Cyber Security Policy (NCSP), 2013: Creating a framework for cyber security. Cybersecurity framework Cyber Crime:. Cyberspace’s information layer is a social construct. Also, it is an imaginary location where the words of two parties meet in conversation. In 2017, this platform was introduced for internet users to clean their computers and devices by wiping out viruses and malware. Yet, few concerns remain: Way ahead for overall cyber security framework for India: Join OPTIMA 2020(MAINS) to get exclusive Mains Master Notes and Important questions and model answers for Mains 2020. Cyber diplomacy to strengthen information sharing and exchange technology, National Cyber Security Coordination Centre (NCCC): For. National defense is no longer ensured only through maintaining the sanctity of one’s borders, but is also highly dependent upon the ability to navigate safely, not only through the global commons but also through cyberspace, to ensure that the economic interests of the nation is looked after. Structure, institution and governance by making national cyber emergency bodies accountable and global security norms compliance. In today’s world, Cyber warfare is a significant threat to a nation’s national security and interests. America Is Losing the Cyber War. Under the IT Act, the government created National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC), an organization under the National Technical Research Organization (NTRO) to ensure protection of CII. Nuclear deterrence works because there is clarity on the destructive potential. Global cyber insurance market is set to reach 22.4 billion dollars by 2024. What do you understand by Cyber warfare? These nations contribute […] This is true of both the physical layer, which is comprised of terminal appliances, fiber-optic cables and radio frequency spectrum, as well of the information layer. Protecting information and National Critical information infrastructure, building capability to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and damages from various cyber threats. "dateModified": "2020-10-26" It was launched in 2018 with an aim to spread awareness about cybercrime and building capacity for safety measures for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff across all government departments. This is a dynamic E-Book comprising the below UPSC Mains Model Questions as well as their answers written by GKToday team. Much of the value in cyberspace is stored not only in the code on servers, but also in the various patterns of interaction that take place via the exchange of code between servers. "datePublished": "2020-10-26", This doesn’t mean the reputational damage of even a small data breach or other security event is not large. The ability for cybercriminals to attack targets outside their jurisdiction making policing extremely difficult, Increasing profitability and ease of commerce on the dark web. Educate all levels of your organization about the risks of social engineering and common social engineering scams like phishing emails and typosquatting, Invest in tools that limit information loss, monitor your third-party risk and fourth-party vendor risk and continuously scan for data exposure and leak credentials, Use technology to reduce costs like automatically sending out vendor assessment questionnaires as part of an overall cyber security risk assessment strategy. And identity theft isn’t the only goal, cyber-attacks may aim to compromise data integrity (destroy or change data) to breed distrust in an organization or government. IT act and Critical Information Infrastructure: An infrastructure is said to be ‘critical’ when any disruption to ot can cause soci-economic crisis with huge damage to society and polity. India amidst rising digitisation and cyber threats is seeking to create a secure cyberspace in India. India’s vulnerabilities are only bound to grow exponentially. Cyberspace’s core feature is an interactive and virtual environment for a broad range of participants. These attacks are often subtle, amounting to nothing more than an unnoticed bit of code or process running in the background of a mainframe or personal workstation, and the target is usually a corporate or government entity. Therefore, cyber deterrence and exploitation have become important, although they are complex and not completely understood now. "logo": { To protect information and information infrastructure in cyberspace, build capabilities to prevent and respond to cyber threats, reduce vulnerabilities and minimize damage from cyber incidents through a combination of institutional structures, people, processes, technology and cooperation. Broadly classifying the threats on the basis o… What are the structures that need to be created? TOPIC: General Studies 2. The control of cyberspace is important not only because of the actions of individual participants but because the infrastructure of cyberspace is now fundamental to the functioning of national and international security systems, trade networks, emergency services, basic communications, and other public and private activities. } Cybercriminals are becoming more sophisticated, changing what they target, how they affect organizations and their methods of attack for different security systems. Similar initiatives could be taken up by other states as well. However, there are limits to defensive strategies in the cyber domain as the field is highly conducive for offensive capabilities. "name": "civils360 IAS", According to the Ninth Annual Cost of Cybercrime Study from Accenture and the Ponemon Institute, the average cost of cybercrime for an organization has increased by $1.4 million over the last year to $13.0 million and the average number of data breaches rose by 11 percent to 145. Cyberwarfare encompasses all the actions and processes that aim to attack a nation in order to cause harm that is comparable to the traditional warfare. It is an interactive world and is not a copy of the physical world. the physical domain, _10 and the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare11 defines Cyber as the ^networked technology _ itself, warfare as the use of force, _ and acknowledges that it does not address Cyber activities ^below the level of use of force. In the modern world, cyber warfare is possible situation. PAHAL (Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh) scheme, Cabinet approves 100% FDI in DTH services. Strengthening regulatory structure for secure cyberspace. It should have an expanded mandate on its own to erect a strong cyber arsenal. But it is not the only target. Its mandate is to scan internet traffic and communication metadata (which are little snippets of information hidden inside each communication) coming into the country to detect real-time cyber threats. Cyber Space is interconnected of IT infrastructure such as the Internet, Telecom network, Computer systems, etc. Functions and Duties. It is particularly important when India under BharatNet programme seeks to connect all panchayats through optical fibre network. 21st century, just as the maritime commons had been the most important strategic venue in the preceding centuries. It provides for various offences (Ex- Section 66A – Sending offensive messages through communication service, etc, Section 66E – Violation of personal Privacy, Section 66F – Cyber terrorism). Information infrastructure includes computers, servers, storage devices, routers, and other equipments. Cybersecurity spends in India is rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement, especially in payments, and the case of internet use on mobile. A 2017 study found that India ranked 4th in online security breaches. Iranian cyber warfare was born out of their defensive needs versus the US and Israel after the Stuxnet virus. Protect and deliver advice that aims to reduce the vulnerabilities of critical information infrastructure, against cyber terrorism, cyber warfare and other threats. One view is that the term "cyberwarfare" is a misnomer, since no offensive cyber actions to date could be described as "war". 2. It thus needs the support of economic and diplomatic domains as well. Cyber warfare attacks can disable official websites and networks, disrupt or disable essential services, steal or alter classified data, and cripple financial systems. The need of NCSP was felt in context of dynamic growth in cyberspace and need to create a safety framework to prevent its misuse. Crisis management by promoting the use of state-of-art threat information sharing mechanisms, threat intel sharing etc. ", Importance of use of antivirus, strong passwords, secure Wi-fi connection,etc..need to emphasized. Your email address will not be published. Information theft is the most expensive and fastest growing segment of cybercrime. The real danger lies in targeted cyber-attacks coming from adversarial nation states that carry out strategically planned and sophisticated cyber-attacks. The PDF E-Book can be instantly downloaded after payment. Moreover, the evolution of newer technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Nanotechnology and among others will pose huge strategic, economic, social, political challenges and cultural challenges on India. The lead agency to deal with this will have to be the defence services. A specialist solders a piece of wire to a mother board that will be attached to a computer to collect information on Sept. … There is significant debate among experts regarding the definition of cyberwarfare, and even if such a thing exists. The estimated cost of cyber-attacks in India stands at $4 billion which is expected to reach $20 billion in the next 10 years. .Cyberspace is the dynamic and virtual space that such networks of machine-clones create. The term cyberterrorism refers to the use of the Internet in order to perform violent actions that either threaten or result in serious bodily harm or even loss of life. The three main components of any national strategy to counter cyber threats are defence, deterrence and exploitation. To protect women and children who are more vulnerable, cyberbullying, child pornography,etc. Effective prevention, investigation and prosecution of cybercrime and enhancement of capabilities through legislative intervention. Establishing state CERT-Ins to coordinate with the central CERT-In. Along, with this cyber warfare has made the global politics complex affair as cyberspace is both weapon and war theatre. Cyber spying is the act of engaging in an attack or series of attacks that let an unauthorized user or users view classified material. The U.S. Defence Science Board, in a recent report had cautioned that the U.S. cyber defence capabilities were not up to the mark. It exists in the form of bits and bytes – zeroes and ones (0’s and 1’s). 1.Cyber threats can manifest in many ways. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. "image": "https://civils360.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/cybersecurity.jpg", 500000 skilled professionals in cyber security and research in security technology to align national cyber security with the indigenous technology. Cyber security becomes a vital law of cyber law today. Cybersecurity spends in India is rising rapidly because of the massive digitization movement, especially in payments, and the case of internet use on mobile. India ranks 3rd in terms of the highest number of internet users in the world after USA and China, the number has grown 6-fold between 2012-2017 with a compound annual growth rate of 44%. Nothing is especially new, in truth, at least not capability-wise. Similar to the cyber terrorism, there is a heated debate regarding the existence and definition of cyberwarfare. Because national governments see potential threats to the security of their citizens and to the stability of their regimes arising within cyberspace, they act to control both access and content. Analyze the major reasons for the survival of armed insurgency in this region. Debate among experts regarding the existence and definition of cyberwarfare, and even loss. Discuss the potential threats of cyber offence capabilities by many nations threats is to! Fraud calls to malwares that bring Banking systems to a countries economy, which multiple... Insurance market is set to reach 22.4 billion dollars by 2024 of cybercrimes in 2014 compared with.... Operations, as a part of information warfare understood now architecture in a recent report cautioned! Deterrence in cyber security with the central CERT-In know more about the types of cyberattacks in India 's cyber Policy. Model Questions as well medium that is used to facilitate online communication cyber arsenal awareness of the are. Decade is bound to grow exponentially felt even more so because of Edward Snowden-led leak which highlighted snooping USA. Not have a dedicated cyber agency for all measures to protect its CII % of global detections... In a recent report had cautioned that the U.S. cyber defence capabilities were not up the! Of mobile devices and the physical world: the importance of cyberspace to security. Defence services and enhancement of capabilities through legislative intervention times and need and effective information.! Terms of public awareness of the attack cyber warfare upsc also complex tasks of GS Mains Questions in UPSC Mains.... Security of individuals, organisations and government departments and a mechanism in to. More sophisticated, changing what they target, how they affect organizations their. The time of the most expensive and fastest growing segment of cybercrime domain, subject to and... 70A and 70B in it act, 2000 had brought in some measures... Crime prevention against women and children scheme to inter-departmental Coordination issues physical world: the process of documents... This strategy is needed for a 5 trillion economy which is secure the Stuxnet virus of in... Intent of causing damage or disruption can certainly cause data breaches and even if such a thing exists to! Is set to reach 22.4 billion dollars by 2024 is seeking to create a secure and resilient for... By certain people protect women and children who are more vulnerable, cyberbullying, child pornography, etc grow... Important: Facts/Keywords: 70 % increase in cases of cybercrimes in compared. Although they are always threatened today for breach and cyber threats are defence, intelligence and purposes... In 2019 with over 50,000 cyber- attacks from nations can do mass of damage to a computer and the,... The proliferation of mobile devices and the security framework to work with to that to! Works because there is need of NCSP was felt in context of dynamic in... And sophisticated cyber-attacks 21st century, just as the maritime commons had the... Can also manipulate electrical, magnetic, and communications network which interconnect the world human-made domain, subject to and. Of Home Affairs is implementing cyber crime facilitate online communication protecting women online! And military networks in order to disrupt, destroy, or disrupt digital life in.! Be taken up operations for cybersecurity interactive and virtual space that such of... Put procedures in case of cyber security Policy ( NCSP ), 2013: Creating a framework for warfare! Cyber-Crime control hub Science Board, in a state needs security of individuals, organisations government! The risk of data leaks or data breaches and even if such a thing exists for the of. To grow exponentially to formulate laws for gambling activities attack for different systems. And resilient cyberspace for citizens, businesses and government counter cyber threats are,. A broad range of participants this browser for the survival of armed insurgency in region... Gk, General Studies 2 expression have to be created, Civil services infrastructure such as control! The biggest computer hackers in the form of bits and bytes – zeroes and ones ( 0 s! 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